Tennessee Farm Facts

Tennessee is blessed with an abundance of resources to grow and sustain various commodities throughout the state. Learn more about Tennessee agriculture below!

Tennessee Agriculture

  • Total farms: 69,983
  • Average farm size: 155 acres
  • 41% of the land in Tennessee is farmland.
  • Economic impact: $81 BILLION
  • 351,000 people in Tennessee employed by agriculture and forestry.
  • Farmers markets: 160
  • Top commodities: soybeans, cattle & calves, broiler chickens, fresh-market tomatoes and dairy products
  • Production value: $4,228,143
    • 57% crops & 43% livestock
  • Beef cattle are produced in every county in Tennessee.
  • Tennessee is one of the top beef-producing states in the nation.
  • In 2018, cattle and calves brought $548.8 million in cash receipts.
  • In 2019, Tennessee had an inventory of close to one million cattle and calves.
  • Cattle and Calves rank #2 in the state for total cash receipts.
  • Tennessee ranks 17th in corn acreage in the U.S. and 18th in total corn for grain production.
  • The largest corn-producing counties in the state are in the western and central regions.
  • In 2018, corn brought in $385.5 million in cash receipts with nearly 113 million bushels of corn for grain and 722,000 tons of corn for silage.
  • In 2018, the crop brought $231.6 million in cash receipts.
  • Tennessee farmers harvested 355,000 acres of upland cotton in 2018 that resulted in a production of 770,000 bales of the crop, each weighing 480 pounds.
  • The majority of the crop is grown in the Western and Delta part of the state.
  • Tennessee has six commercial milk processing plants in Nashville, Murfreesboro, Memphis, Powell and Athens.
  • A typical Tennessee dairy farm has a herd of about 170 milking cows.
  • The state is home to approximately 185 registered dairies.
  • In 2018, dairy products brought $109.4 million in cash receipts.
  • Tennessee’s forests cover 14 million acres, or 52% of the state.
  • Farmers across Tennessee harvested 1.72 million acres of hay in 2018, including 20,000 acres of alfalfa, resulting in the production of 4.231 million tons of hay.
  • In 2018, hay brought $157.4 million in cash receipts.
  • Tennessee ranks No. 7 in the U.S. for hay production.
  • In 2017, Tennessee had a total inventory of 225,000 hogs.
  • In 2018, hogs brought $79.5 million in cash receipts.
  • Tennessee ranks No. 21 in the U.S. for hog production.
  • Tennessee’s poultry industry has an overall economic impact of $6.55 billion.
  • Tennessee produced 177.3 million head of broiler chickens in 2018.
  • Poultry provides more than 27,000 direct and indirect jobs and accounts for over $438 million paid annually in state and federal taxes.
  • Broilers brought in $525.3 million in cash receipts.
  • Tennessee currently ranks 16th in the U.S. for number of broilers on farms.
  • Soybeans are planted on more acres than any other row crop in Tennessee and is currently the #1 commodity in the state in cash receipts.
  • In 2018, Tennessee farmers harvested 1.67 million acres of soybeans, which resulted in a total production of 75.985 million bushels of the crop.
  • Cash receipts for soybeans in 2018 totaled $655.3 million.
  • In 2018, Tennessee soybeans brought in $655.3 million in cash receipts.
  • Tennessee farmers harvested 15,700 acres of tobacco in 2018 that produced 39.6 million pounds of the crop.
  • Tennessee ranks No. 4 in the nation for tobacco production
  • In 2018, tobacco brought in $99.4 million in cash receipts, an 8% share of total U.S. receipts.
  • Tennessee’s climate is conducive for the production of high-quality, low-protein, soft red winter wheat.
  • In 2018, wheat brought in $97.2 million in cash receipts.
  • Farmers harvested 285,000 acres which resulted in the production of more than 18.5 million bushels.
  • Tennessee ranks No. 21 in the nation for winter wheat production.