Tennessee Farm Facts

Tennessee is blessed with an abundance of resources to grow and sustain various commodities throughout the state. Learn more about Tennessee agriculture below!

The Average Tennessee Farm

  • Acres: 156
  • Farmer’s Age: 58
  • Value of Equipment: $80,447
  • Value of Land and Buildings: $608,739
  • Beef cattle are produced in every county in Tennessee.
  • Tennessee is one of the top beef-producing states in the nation.
  • Tennessee ranks 12th in the nation for number of beef cows and 16th for total cattle.
  • In 2017, Tennessee had an inventory of over 1.8 million cattle and calves.
  • In 2018, cattle and calves brought $548.8 million in cash receipts.
  • Cattle and Calves rank #2 in the state for total cash receipts.
  • Tennessee ranks 17th in corn acreage in the U.S. and 18th in total corn for grain production.
  • The largest corn-producing counties in the state are in the western and central regions.
  • In 2018, corn brought in $374.2 million in cash receipts.
  • In 2018, The crop brought $236.3 million in cash receipts.
  • In 2017, Tennessee produced 1,031 pounds of lint per acre from 340,000 acres harvested, for a total production of 730,000 bales.
  • The majority of the crop is grown in the Western and Delta part of the state.
  • Tennessee has six commercial milk processing plants in Nashville, Murfreesboro, Memphis, Powell and Athens.
  • A typical Tennessee dairy farm has a herd of about 170 milking cows.
  • The state is home to approximately 226 registered dairies.
  • In 2018, Dairy products brought $109.4 million in cash receipts.
  • Growers across the state harvested more than 1.7 million acres of hay in 2017.
  • In 2018, Hay brought $157.4 million in cash receipts.
  • In 2017, there were 1.66 million acres of land for hay and forage production.
  • Tennessee ranks No. 7 in the U.S. for hay production.
  • In 2017, Tennessee had a total inventory of 225,000 hogs.
  • In 2018, Hogs brought $79.5 million in cash receipts.
  • Tennessee ranks No. 21 in the U.S. for Hog production.
  • Tennessee’s poultry industry has an overall economic impact of $6.55 billion.
  • Poultry provides more than 27,000 direct and indirect jobs, and accounts for over $438 million paid annually in state and federal taxes.
  • Broilers brought in $494.5 million in cash receipts.
  • Tennessee currently ranks 16th in the U.S. for number of broilers on farms.
  • Soybeans are planted on more acres than any other row crop in Tennessee and is currently the #1 commodity in the state in cash receipts.
  • In 2017, farmers harvested a record soybean crop of 50 bushels per acre across almost 1.7 million harvested acres.
  • In 2018, Tennessee soybeans brought in $655.3 million in cash receipts.
  • Tennessee farmers harvested 21,100 acres of tobacco in 2017, which produced 43 million pounds of the crop.
  • Tennessee ranks No. 4 in the nation for tobacco production
  • In 2018, Tobacco brought in $99.3 million in cash receipts, an 8% share of total U.S. receipts.
  • Tennessee’s climate is conducive for the production of high-quality, low-protein, soft red winter wheat.
  • In 2018, wheat brought in $97.2 million in cash receipts.
  • Tennessee ranks No. 21 in the nation for winter wheat production.